Some experts see AI as a tool against climate change. Others say its own carbon footprint could be a problem.

Summary: Artificial intelligence (AI) offers solutions to environmental challenges, such as climate change monitoring and recycling optimization. However, AI’s energy-intensive development and deployment raise concerns. AI models are hard to estimate in terms of carbon footprint and water usage, with some non-peer-reviewed studies suggesting considerable environmental impacts. Companies should consider sustainability during AI system design, but AI’s widespread adoption may stress energy grids. Nevertheless, AI is being used in various ways to address environmental issues, from reducing aviation emissions to predicting wildfires and monitoring greenhouse gas levels. Ultimately, the impact of AI on the environment depends on its responsible use.

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